User:MGray1196/NMAC 4460 Journal
- 1 August 14, 2019: New Media
- 2 August 25, 2019: New Media
- 3 September 8, 2019: Foundational Thinkers
- 4 September 8, 2019: Marshall McLuhan
- 5 September 15, 2019: Being Digital
- 6 September 15, 2019:Being Digital: The Hacker
- 7 September 22, 2019: The Battle of Linux
- 8 September 22, 2019: Free Software For Everyone and Heard of Copyright but Copyleft?
- 9 September 29, 2019: Defining Convergence and Participatory Culture
- 10 September 29, 2019: Participatory and Remix Culture with New Media
- 11 References
August 14, 2019: New Media
I consider to be New Media is exactly what the name states. New Media is the new forms in which media is created. Rather than having information given to us on papers such as a newspapers or magazines, New Media is created with the help of the internet. The internet has made a lot of information easily available to people by putting information on websites such as CNN or FOX News. Even magazines can be made digital these days. New Media has given people a different form of media that people can consume on a day to day basis
August 25, 2019: New Media
One aspect about New Media that I learned from reading the texts is the idea of new technologies being assimilated into everyday life in the U.S. Since there are so many new technologies that are being created in the U.S. most people do not think twice about these technologies and they are assumed to be a part of everyday life any because there are so many things coming outIf there was a country where there are not many new technologies being created, the reaction to these new technologies would be different. Those countries that have a slow production of new technologies have more time to think about these new technologies. Another aspect from the readings that I learned was that no matter what time people live, New Media will always be seen as distrusted media. The more advanced technology becomes, the more people start to worry about using them. People see technology as becoming too smart and the abilities that they learn could be abused by some people.The last aspect I learned from reading the texts is that New Media has made people more than consumers and has “decentralized media control and production.”>People these days can create their own projects because people now have access to the digital technologies and can use them to create their own creative projects.
- I totally agree Michaela! New media is so integrated into everyday life that it is often difficult to think about being 'new' to us.Kyannayeager (talk) 14:29, 29 August 2019 (EDT)
- @MGray1196: You bring up a very good point that people don't really trust media but I think you can make that point stronger by giving an example of what type of new media people don't trust. Like do they not trust smartphones because they think they are being recorded? In comparison to a flip phone because it doesn't have that type of technical ability? Yes, people are making their or products using digital technology a few examples of that would add to your point. Amayesing77 (talk) --Amayesing77 (talk) 15:35, 8 September 2019 (EDT)
September 8, 2019: Foundational Thinkers
The idea of the Memex which was created by Vannevar Bush is a mechanism that could store information on a large disk that is made of electromechanical controls, microfilm cameras and readers. He also mentioned that there would be a way to link information on this mechanism. He talks about in his 1945 article "As We My Think", that this is idea will happen in the near future because of the technology advances during his time. Devices that he mentions are things such as the typewriter. His idea of the memex reminds me of how we use our technologies today such the laptop computer. These devices can store many digital items such as PDFs and electronic books.
September 8, 2019: Marshall McLuhan
In Marshall McLuhan's "The Medium Is the Message", his main point that he makes is that information being received or sent is not important. The important thing is the way in which a message is being received or sent. The way in which information is sent or received is what shapes human actions.A message containing the same information could be sent through two different mediums and are taken in different ways. For example, if you were to send a message to someone through a text message versus talking on the phone will make someone react to the information differently.
September 15, 2019: Being Digital
In Nicholas Negroponte's Being Digital, he points out the differences between atoms and bits. Atoms have weight to them and they make up physical items that you can touch such as news papers, magazines and books. A bit is small , weightless, colorless, and they are priceless. You can not buy a bit like you can an atom. Bits can travel a lot easier and faster than atoms because of the bits' characteristics. When Negroponte talks about these bits as bits, he is saying that they stand alone as it's "own state of being" and are represented as a 1 or 0. Negroponte also mentions some of the implications of the shift from atoms to bits. One example that displays this shift is entertainment. No more is a playlist of music stuck to a physical item like CD's or cassette tapes. Movies are also not only available in a physical form. These forms of entertainment can be purchased as bits instead of atoms. This is what lead places such as Blockbuster to go out of business.
September 15, 2019:Being Digital: The Hacker
One major thing that I have learned from the readings is that hackers are not the bad guys that we see on television and movies. They are not the ones that are trying to go into your bank account and steal all of your money. Hackers seek out the flaws in network systems in hopes to fix the issues so that the crackers won't take advantage of the flaws.Learning this information about the hackers versus crackers fits more in my understanding of "being digital" because of the fact that people like hackers are a necessity in today's society. Now that the internet has become more available for many people to use, it calls for more security measures to protect people's privacy. David Weinberger mentions in Our Machines Now Have Knowledge We'll Never Understand that people have become more dependent on machines. Today, we rely a lot on machines to do the work for us. Even now as I am typing this, i am relying on my laptop to help make this journal post.
September 22, 2019: The Battle of Linux
Linux is an alternative operating system to the the Windows operating system created by Linus Torvalds alongside a team of hackers.This OS is an Open Source Software which means that it is open to the public and they do not have to pay to use it. Having this system being free made me think that this system could not really be good. Why would anyone put something out for free. After watching the documentary Revolution OS, I understood a little bit where the key players such as Richard Stallman and Eric S. Raymond were coming from and I respect their efforts. They felt that not being able to things such as codes between operating systems to be wrong and came up with their own solution to their problem. I also understand the side of Bill Gates when he mentions how people shouldn't expect a group of people to work on an operating system to do it for free.The work that people have to put in to make these operating systems work well are tedious and they should be compensated for their work.
With all this information, my idea of new media still remains the same. New media is more so the content rather than the new technologies themselves. There is more new pieces of content being created such as new social platforms rather than more new technologies. When it comes to these operating systems, they have influenced each other and have become more advanced now in 2019 than they were in the 1990s.
September 22, 2019: Free Software For Everyone and Heard of Copyright but Copyleft?
When researching free source, I learned that it is more about the sharing of knowledge rather than making a profit from their services. With free software, people are given the freedom to "run, improve, modify, and distribute a computer program".Having this kind of software makes improving on computer programs a community effort which would seem like a good thing. They are the ones using the software and can give feedback as to what works best and what needs improvement. The people who are working with these software companies to improve on these systems are not really enough since they most likely have more knowledge of technology than the common person. Because of this, they can not account for issues that may come up for some people. Having the community makes it helpful in this regard.
I have never heard of a copyleft but I guessed that I would be the opposite of a copyright. After doing more research, I found out that my guess was pretty much correct. Copyleft states that anyone who makes any improvements or changes on the software can not use the copyright to claim these changes that he or she makes.This also seems like free source where it is more about sharing information rather than trying to make money off of whatever you are doing on a software. People who are for the copyleft seem to be more about learning from others and use the ideas you learned and create without worrying about the copyright laws. It is all about a freedom and without the restrictions of copyright, people can be more creative.
Free source and Copyleft go along with the idea of new media because the two ideas show the implications of what happens as the content in the new technologies become more advanced. The more advanced our content gets, the more people have to create different ways for people to use the internet and the things that come with it. As we get new technologies, more work is done on the software so that I can keep up with the advancement of technology.
- @MGray1196: A couple of good observations. Do you think anonymous sources are solid ones to cite? Please see my feedback that I will be updating through the day on 9/24/19. —Grlucas (talk) 15:43, 24 September 2019 (EDT)
September 29, 2019: Defining Convergence and Participatory Culture
Henry Jenkins states that convergence culture is the mixing of the old and new culture. There are many instances of convergence culture now more then ever and this trend will most likely keep growing. Songs that play on the radio or any other music streaming cite are examples of convergence culture. Songs from past become relevant again because people take those songs and add a modern twist to it. Another example of this would be the movie remakes that have are going on now. A movie such as Ghostbusters,which originally released in 1984, was remade in 2016 with an all female lead cast instead of male. Examples such as this one shows how convergence culture is used to make slight increases in social inclusion and cultural diversity.
Participatory culture is what Henry Jenkins states as the idea that people can throw out ideas into the world and those ideas are brought back in an improved way.By participating in this, people can gain new perspectives from the ideas that they have thrown out. People nowadays have become more than consumers and can now become producers themselves. In participatory culture, the ability to collaborate and network is important. With the help of technology, this helps the process go by even faster. You can make communities on social media cites and collaborate on ideas that they are interested in.
September 29, 2019: Participatory and Remix Culture with New Media
From looking at the readings, I learned about the concept of Read/Write and Read/Only culture. Lawrence Lessing states that RW culture is when people, or rather the "young people of the day" read about their culture and then add to that culture that they have just heard that is surrounded by them in their current life.  By participating in this, people can see how much a culture has either stayed the same or how it has evolved. RO culture only gives someone a look the culture, but they do not get a chance to add to that culture.
Participatory and remix culture relate to new media in the sense that because of new media, the way people partake in those cultures have changed. New media brings a new way to use the new technologies that come around. People do not have to rely solely on face-to-face communication to have collaborations on ideas. Collaborative and communication abilities are what makes participating in these cultures successful  With new medias such as social media cites like Facebook, this collaboration of ideas is made easier. On there, you can create groups for something that you are interested in and make it available for others who are interested in it to join and bounce ideas off of one another.
- @MGray1196: You’re missing Lessig in your bibliography. Do you try your citations to see if they work? —Grlucas (talk) 10:19, 3 October 2019 (EDT)
- Manovich 2018, p. 13-25.
- Murray, p. 3-11.
- Lucas 2013.
- Bush 1945.
- McLuhan 1964.
- Negroponte 1996, p. 14.
- Negroponte 1996, p. 13.
- Anonymous 2017.
- Weinberger 2017.
- Moore 2017.
- Anonymous 2014.
- Gates 1976.
- Balle 2018, p. 144.
- Patterson 2000, p. 1377.
- Jenkins 2006, p. 2.
- Hutchinson 2016, p. 158.
- Jenkins 2010.
- Schiera R. & Shciera T. 2018, p. 64.
- Lessing 2008, p. 28.
- Anonymous (2017). "Hackers vs Crackers: Easy to Understand Exclusive Difference". EDUCBA. Retrieved 2019-07-17.
- Anonymous (September 2, 2014). "The Linux Kernel Archives: About". kernel.org. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
- Balle, A. R. (2018). "The life cycle process of knowledge sharing in free software communities: Sharing profiles and motivations". Knowledge & Process Management: 143–152.
- Bush, Vannevar (July 1945). "As We May Think". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2018-08-12.
- Gates, Bill (February 3, 1976). "An Open Letter to Hobbyists". Blinken Lights. Retrieved 2018-08-16.
As the majority of hobbyists must be aware, most of you steal your software.
- Hutchinson (2016). "Moving convergence culture towards cultural intermediation: social media and cultural inclusion". 30: 158–170.
- Jenkins, Henry (March 6, 2010). "Participatory Culture". TEDx Talks. Retrieved 2018-08-18.
- Jenkins, Henry (2006). Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide. New York: NYU Press. ISBN 0814743072.
- Lessig, Lawrence (2008). Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in the Hybrid Economy. New York: Penguin. ISBN 1594201722.
- Lucas, Gerald (Dec 23, 2013). "New Media". Gerald R. Lucas. Retrieved 2018-08-12.
New media studies involve the digital technologies of human participation and communication, and the study of the social and cultural changes that these technologies precipitate.
- Manovich, Lev. "New Media from Borges to HTML" (PDF). In Wardrip-Fruin; Montfort (eds.). NMR. p. 13–25. Retrieved 2018-08-11.
- McLuhan, Marshall (1964). Understanding Media: the Extensions of Man. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0415253977.
- Moore, J.T.S. (Director) (2001). "Revolution OS" (video). Retrieved 2019-07-20.
- Murray, Janet H. "Inventing the Medium". In Wardrip-Fruin; Montfort (eds.). NMR. p. 3–11.
- Negroponte, Nicholas (1996). Being Digital. New York: Vintage. p. 14. ISBN 0679762906.
- Patterson, Chip (2000). "Copyright Misuse and Modified Copyleft: New Solutions to the Challenges of Internet Standardization". Michigan Law Review. 98: 1351–1383.
- Schiera R. & Schiera T. (2018). "Educational Artifacts and Participatory Culture: Ideas from Oman": 62–67.
- Weinberger, David (April 18, 2017). "Our Machines Now Have Knowledge We'll Never Understand". Wired. Backchannel. Retrieved 2018-08-13.