User:MGray1196/NMAC 4460 Journal

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August 14, 2019: New Media

I consider to be New Media is exactly what the name states. New Media is the new forms in which media is created. Rather than having information given to us on papers such as a newspapers or magazines, New Media is created with the help of the internet. The internet has made a lot of information easily available to people by putting information on websites such as CNN or FOX News. Even magazines can be made digital these days. New Media has given people a different form of media that people can consume on a day to day basis

August 25, 2019: New Media

One aspect about New Media that I learned from reading the texts is the idea of new technologies being assimilated into everyday life in the U.S. Since there are so many new technologies that are being created in the U.S. most people do not think twice about these technologies and they are assumed to be a part of everyday life any because there are so many things coming out.[1]If there was a country where there are not many new technologies being created, the reaction to these new technologies would be different. Those countries that have a slow production of new technologies have more time to think about these new technologies. Another aspect from the readings that I learned was that no matter what time people live, New Media will always be seen as distrusted media. The more advanced technology becomes, the more people start to worry about using them. People see technology as becoming too smart and the abilities that they learn could be abused by some people.[2]The last aspect I learned from reading the texts is that New Media has made people more than consumers and has “decentralized media control and production.”[3]People these days can create their own projects because people now have access to the digital technologies and can use them to create their own creative projects.

I totally agree Michaela! New media is so integrated into everyday life that it is often difficult to think about being 'new' to us.Kyannayeager (talk) 14:29, 29 August 2019 (EDT)
@MGray1196: You bring up a very good point that people don't really trust media but I think you can make that point stronger by giving an example of what type of new media people don't trust. Like do they not trust smartphones because they think they are being recorded? In comparison to a flip phone because it doesn't have that type of technical ability? Yes, people are making their or products using digital technology a few examples of that would add to your point. Amayesing77 (talk) --Amayesing77 (talk) 15:35, 8 September 2019 (EDT)

September 8, 2019: Foundational Thinkers

The idea of the Memex which was created by Vannevar Bush is a mechanism that could store information on a large disk that is made of electromechanical controls, microfilm cameras and readers. He also mentioned that there would be a way to link information on this mechanism. He talks about in his 1945 article "As We My Think", that this is idea will happen in the near future because of the technology advances during his time. Devices that he mentions are things such as the typewriter.[4] His idea of the memex reminds me of how we use our technologies today such the laptop computer. These devices can store many digital items such as PDFs and electronic books.

September 8, 2019: Marshall McLuhan

In Marshall McLuhan's "The Medium Is the Message", his main point that he makes is that information being received or sent is not important. The important thing is the way in which a message is being received or sent. The way in which information is sent or received is what shapes human actions.[5]A message containing the same information could be sent through two different mediums and are taken in different ways. For example, if you were to send a message to someone through a text message versus talking on the phone will make someone react to the information differently.

September 15, 2019: Being Digital

In Nicholas Negroponte's Being Digital, he points out the differences between atoms and bits. Atoms have weight to them and they make up physical items that you can touch such as news papers, magazines and books. A bit is small , weightless, colorless, and they are priceless. You can not buy a bit like you can an atom. Bits can travel a lot easier and faster than atoms because of the bits' characteristics. When Negroponte talks about these bits as bits, he is saying that they stand alone as it's "own state of being" and are represented as a 1 or 0.[6]

Negroponte also mentions some of the implications of the shift from atoms to bits. One example that displays this shift is entertainment. No more is a playlist of music stuck to a physical item like CD's or cassette tapes. Movies are also not only available in a physical form. These forms of entertainment can be purchased as bits instead of atoms. This is what lead places such as Blockbuster to go out of business.[7]

September 15, 2019:Being Digital: The Hacker

One major thing that I have learned from the readings is that hackers are not the bad guys that we see on television and movies. They are not the ones that are trying to go into your bank account and steal all of your money. Hackers seek out the flaws in network systems in hopes to fix the issues so that the the crackers won't take advantage of the flaws.[8] Learning this information about the hackers versus crackers fits more in my understanding of "being digital" because of the fact that people like hackers are a necessity in today's society. Now that the internet has become more available for many people to use, it calls for more security measures to protect people's privacy. David Weinberger mentions in Our Machines Now Have Knowledge We'll Never Understand that people have become more dependent on machines.[9] Today, we rely a lot on machines to do the work for us. Even now as I am typing this, i am relying on my laptop to help make this journal post.


  1. Manovich, Lev. "New Media from Borges to HTML" (PDF). In Wardrip-Fruin; Montfort (eds.). NMR. p. 13–25. Retrieved 2018-08-11.
  2. Murray, Janet H. "Inventing the Medium". In Wardrip-Fruin; Montfort (eds.). NMR. p. 3–11.
  3. Lucas, Gerald (Dec 23, 2013). "New Media". Gerald R. Lucas. Retrieved 2018-08-12. New media studies involve the digital technologies of human participation and communication, and the study of the social and cultural changes that these technologies precipitate.
  4. Bush, Vannevar (July 1945). "As We May Think". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2018-08-12. A seminal essay that calls for a new way of organizing, accessing, and sharing an ever-increasing knowledge base. Bush's answer is the Memex.
  5. McLuhan, Marshall (1964). Understanding Media: the Extensions of Man. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0415253977.
  6. Negroponte, Nicholas (1996). Being Digital. New York: Vintage. p. 14. ISBN 0679762906.
  7. Negroponte, Nicholas (1996). Being Digital. New York: Vintage. p. 13. ISBN 0679762906.
  8. "Hackers vs Crackers: Easy to Understand Exclusive Difference". EDUCBA. 2017. Retrieved 2019-07-17.
  9. Weinberger, David (April 18, 2017). "Our Machines Now Have Knowledge We'll Never Understand". Wired. Backchannel. Retrieved 2018-08-13.