User:KhajadaNeal/NMAC 4460 Journal

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August 19, 2019: New Media

New Media to me is anything that is new and continuously being updated by developer making it user friendly. Social media is more of my generations new media it's hard for some to get the hang of it because it is continuously changing. Apps, computer systems and cameras are all examples of different in style and look from when they were first introduced to the public. New media has moved towards the easy access and digital world as well as it has been taking over minds simple thinking.

August 20, 2019: Defining New Media

In reference to Defining New Media I learned that it is just composed of different types of old media that we knew as one thing merged together forming a different new type of media which make more options available.[1] New media is different from cyberculture which can be described being more focused on the social media aspect while new media is more focused on the culture around it and digital.[2] They don't want us to stay stuck using one generations for of electronics they want us to be able to transition as each new technology is made the more you are going to have to convert to it giving into those trying to make a profit. I learned that the definition of new media is not what you initially think that it is and that there is much more to it.

I think new media aside from just being old media put together also is the device. The devices that allow us to view all of the converged older media is also, in part, new media. I also agree that there was way more to the term than we originally thought. Kyannayeager (talk) 13:56, 29 August 2019 (EDT)
I think that new media is always changing, and like you stated about how old media is converged into making new media. It also always advancing, and you are correct that new media is more than what we think such as movies, cell phones, computers, etc... It's about how new media is changing and how it's going to change in the years to come. Vada.amerson (talk) Vada.amerson 21:45, 2 September 2019 (EDT)

September 6, 2019: Foundational Thinkers

When reading up on some of the Foundational Thinkers I learned that Charles Babbage was an English mathematician and inventor among a lot of other things he was the creator of the first mechanical computer and with years of many improvements became the computers we use today. When Babbage made his computer invention it was meant to be used for arithmetic table for those numbers that had a constant difference he even put all his money into an invention just for the government to stop supporting him.[3] The Memex was created by Vannevar Bush an American engineer and inventor he wanted the Memex to be more of a tool to store and keep information possibly even studying your brain I thought that was interesting. The Memex reminds me of the internet the way he described using codes to store the information which is a lot of what we use the internet for today.[4]

September 6, 2019: Marshall McLuhan

Marshall McLuhan was a Canadian Philosopher that is mostly known for his phrase "The Medium is the Message" this point was to describe how we view the world has changed and how they were changed because of new media. The message of the medium is the change that comes from it being exposed to the human world like the example given about the railway and how it didn't introduce the way of getting around but it expanded for more opportunities to come from it.[5] A good example that could be given to someone for a better understanding of the medium is the message is like how telephones were invented but once it got expanded into being a cell phone it changed the way people communicate and interact with each other. In the TED Talk "How Architecture Helped Music Evolve" I understood how it could relate to what Marshall McLuhan was saying even in music every thing at some point changes to make something better out of the out come.

@KhajadaNeal McLuhan was a man before his time. Not only did the " medium is the message " start his great vision of foreseeing things for the future. I love that you mentioned his statement was basically how we view the world and how the world has changed because of new media. VincentH81 (talk) 20:29, 8 September 2019 (EDT)

September 13, 2019: Nicholas Negroponte

Nicholas Negroponte meaning of "Being Digital" seemed to be more about living through life digitally and being able to adapt to it for example using the computer or cell phone you can now use to check your e-mails you don't have to be in one specific area it gives you more options. The title Being Digital was given to the new age of technology explaining how books that were once important will change and be important through the digital form as bits get better in the future.[6] Negroponte says that "bits are bits" because they are what makes up everything that is digital it is a key component that causes the digital to work. In the digital world the medium isn't the message because the digital world can be interpreted in different ways by different people through many digital forms like an example of multimedia.

@KhajadaNeal: You must proofread and revise. —Grlucas (talk) 06:41, 17 September 2019 (EDT)

September 13, 2019: The Good Hacker

I found it interesting that there are good hackers it is just the bad end up with the exposure also to learn that Ben Franklin was a hacker and he started the first volunteer fire fighter company in Philadelphia called the brigade. The good hackers help fit my understanding of "Being Digital" because I learned they are trying to help improve and change the world through digital form not go into people bank accounts to scam. Some hackers just like to explore systems and get to the root and understanding it better because the hacker hacks to fix or improve.[7] Ben Franklin is considered a life hacker and him being a philosopher helped him to advise and record for others he influenced many people and still does today.

@KhajadaNeal: If you think about it, there are a lot of hackers out there. Every invention, every computer program aims to solve a problem. Even the paper clip has a purpose! I like that hackers are really just creative problem solvers in the best way. It's a shame that crackers gave them a bad name. Hthrxlynn (talk) 01:03, 15 September 2019 (EDT)
@KhajadaNeal: I think a lot of us will always think of hackers as the people who create viruses and break into banks. I never really thought about hacking as essentially being interchangeable with inventing. It makes sense if you think about things like life hacks. They are called hacks, though they are not malicious (though they are mostly dumb). They are pretty much just people inventing or "hacking" things to create something new. ParkerJennings (talk) 01:52, 16 September 2019 (EDT)

@KhajadaNeal: When reading I definitely caught on fast that there are good hackers and bad hackers the bad most of the time gets put to the forefront and that's usually what we talk about. The good hackers are looking for the betterment of our future and technology that's the exact reason why I think good hackers deserve more exposure. Great post! VincentH81 (talk) 11:50, 16 September 2019 (EDT)

September 16, 2019: Linux

Richard Stallman is the founder of the free software movement and the GNU Project he paved the way to allow Linus Torvalds the ability to create Linux. This is where they created software for free and allowed people to come together to write different programs. Linux provides you with source codes for free but they still gain a profit through other distribution options that they have, for instance, the ability to purchase the older software.[8] Users have full control over updates on the linux system, though difficult to set up on the computer, once it is installed it is easier and faster to help programs run. When Linux was first opened to the public there were a couple of people world wide that had already sent them back fixed software with different codes from the ones they originally posted.[9] As Linux started to improve it's content it became competition for Microsoft Windows but with windows you have to pay for there content in order to use there source codes.

@KhajadaNeal: Neither of your references here is complete, nor do your links work. It look like they might be good sources, but how do I check? —Grlucas (talk) 06:22, 26 September 2019 (EDT)

September 19, 2019: Understanding Software

Understanding Software I first had to learn what the GNU Project stood for "Gnu's Not Unix" Richard Stallman wanted to make sure you knew that it was something completely different from Unix because he took the time to replace everything in Unix.[10] It was interesting that Richard Stallman and Bruce Perens couldn't agree on who should be able to have access to the open sources, Stallman felt that all the open sources should be used for free but Perens felt they should be kept a choice between being free and wanting to purchase it. The open source software have rules that they must follow for instance a source code can be restricted if it uses patch files if it is doing so just to build time.[11] The GNU has a large portion of it's software copyrighted by the Free Software Foundation this copyright among others is there legal way of making sure it stay free to public.[12] Open-source software and free software helped better my understanding of new media by realizing that open source is the root of what creates the new media that we are continuously getting today.

@KhajadaNeal: Stallman is a very interesting guy. I'm not sure if you got the chance to watch the documentary yet, but it's so interesting to hear him talk about GNU and everything he stands for in that project. He saw something that he believed was wrong and created a solution. Bill Gates, on the other hand, believed that he was being stolen from and wrote a sassy letter toward the people he claimed were stealing from him. These are two completely different mindsets that kind of sound like the politics of the new media world. What do you think is more beneficial to the users and the creators? I think it's interesting that Stallman wanted his work to be "free like air" and strange that other people want to put a price tag on everything. Hthrxlynn (talk) 23:11, 19 September 2019 (EDT)
@KhajadaNeal: I also thought it was interesting that Stallman and Perens could not agree at first on who should have the access to the open sources. In a way, I am on both sides of Stallman wanting it to be free and Perens wanting their to be a choice between being free and purchasing it. By users purchasing it, then it would mean more profit for the software. And, also it being free for the users meant more of an opportunity for them to want to use it. Jameiladudley (talk) 16:30, 22 September 2019 (EDT)Jameiladudley
@KhajadaNeal: I noted the same as everyone else. Perens idea was more aligned to what I figured as well. If everything is free, what was the point of all that hard work? For educational purposes of course, but some people put their lively hood in this type of work, and believe they should be paid for it. Stallmans idea of "free like beer" was super interesting to me. Beer is only free to the person who didn't initially purchase it. Someone has to buy it at some point to utilize it, it's the same with product. I guess he meant that it's free to take advantage of, very unique views between the two.Kyannayeager (talk) 22:22, 22 September 2019 (EDT)
@KhajadaNeal: Please see my feedback that I will be updating through the day on 9/24/19. —Grlucas (talk) 06:25, 26 September 2019 (EDT)

September 27, 2019: Copyright Law

Lawrence Lessig discusses in his TED talk "Laws that choke creativity" how the Copyright law and the technology of the remix culture clash but he also felt he had a solution to the problem. In the Remix culture it allows a person to be creative being able to add different sounds or music to already existing pictures and videos creating a whole new work of art. An artist that has a copyright attached to their work has protected it from others being able to use it to create something else that could possibly make a profit without their permission.[13] The copyright law takes away from the new generations creativity it is in place to prevent piracy but a lot of young artist use old material just to create new meanings giving it a change.

Lessig suggested two strategies that he felt could make a change: those that create the original ideas could allow artist to use them for free but if they are actually trying to make a profit from their creation then they should purchase. The other suggestion is just for business to start excepting the new culture allowing free material so everyone can coexist together and possibly take notes from the other. Everything has been remade like music and movies that have been filmed over the years are remixes from other books and movies combined to make something but yet seems so familiar not all but most you have seen scenes just like them in other films.[14]

September 28, 2019: Remix and Participatory Culture

In the remix culture it helps with understanding new media because in the remix culture you are remixing works of art that have already been created the same takes place in new media you join together different technology outlets combining them to make something new. Copyrights not only affect the amateurs but they can also cause a problem for professionals for example music artist can be sued by other artist or Musicians if a sample of their music sounds close to the version that was the original without being given permission. There are places in the world that don’t know how to fit the remix culture into the copyright laws because many questions have to be answered to put them in a category.[15]

Learning that Participatory culture is what some would call todays generation because of the usage of Social media site as a way to connect with one another. It was suggested that some scholarship research showed that using social media helped better social skills which is surprising because you usually hear it takes away from the physical face to face social skills.[16] In my understanding participatory culture wouldn’t be considered apart of the traditional definition of new media because it doesn’t focus on the social media aspect.

@KhajadaNeal: I think you make a great point about remix. I am thinking the same thing about taking some aspect from a work, and using that and putting it into another new aspect to create something different. It's amazing that we know do that sometimes with remix such as with songs on YouTube. Vada.amerson (talk) Vada.amerson 17:40, 29 September 2019 (EDT)
@Vada.amerson: I’ve also thought about attempting to remix some things myself but I feel I need to get better with my editing so it would look good to add to my future portfolio. KhajadaNeal (talk) 20:09, 29 September 2019 (EDT)
@KhajadaNeal: Participatory culture doesn't exist through social media. Social media most definitely allows for easier participation so everyone can have more of a say in media. However, participatory culture has existed for quite a while. Henry Jenkins mentions in his Participatory culture TED talk that people would contribute to zines and print them themselves. This is a form of participatory culture. Participatory culture has just grown as technology has given us more opportunity to connect with the professionals who make mainstream media and others. It's pretty interesting looking back at how much this culture has developed. Sabub (talk)
@KhajadaNeal: I agree with Sabub, participatory culture isn't social media per-say, but it's more the idea of social media being the medium for the culture. Its a direct plug for participation on both the side of the corporations, and regular people. Henry Jenkins mentioned in his Ted Talk Spiderman's Peter Parker, who needed to connect through newspaper to know what was going on with the world, now he, and we, have computers to do the hardest work for us.Kyannayeager (talk) 19:19, 29 September 2019 (EDT)
@Sabub and Kyannayeager: I wasn't saying that participatory culture was social media I was saying how Henry Jenkins said social media was an example of participatory culture which was interesting for me to learn that’s how some people would define it. KhajadaNeal (talk) 20:09, 29 September 2019 (EDT)

October 3, 2019: Computers and Dreams

When looking at Ted Nelson’s Computer Lib/Dream Machines it better helped understand what Sugata Mitra was trying to explain in his TED talk “Build a School in the Clouds” when it comes to learning and being taught about computers. Many people don’t want to take time to teach another person how to use a computer or other technologies, on the other end it can be because they want to keep information secluded which is how most important information is treated. The dream machines side helps you understand the root of the computer and how it is built to make your thoughts a reality but has concerns on how it affects learning abilities.[17] Dream Machines goes along with understanding new media how to create certain fantasies you have to incorporate old medias like books, music and even video to make something new in technology.

This lets us know that Being Digital is taking over the world but if it is good or bad the answer is unknown because a lot of technology is sucking us into it. Like Nelson said media has us in different categories some fall victim to media, some learn to manipulate it or they have a vision they want to make happen. These ideas still provide a hacker spirit because they are all trying to make technology better for everyone even if they choose not to explain with someone else how they went about doing so.[18] The fits my experience because my favorite game is Sims and in this game if you decide to advance yourself with more money you use a code as well as it building out my fantasy of my dream life.

October 5, 2019: Learning and Understanding

Learning that millennials have a different preference other than what was expected of them when it comes to learning and understanding digital media. It’s not so much about the digital aspect it’s more of wanting to be able to learn in there own way like learning skills you need to know as you grow into an adult or getting life skills in fields you see as a career. Getting information digitally is a good source but it shouldn’t be the only form of learning the younger generation has they still need those that are willing to teach them in a face to face setting.

@KhajadaNeal:That's an interesting argument for the other side! I think I do my best learning in a digital setting. I guess it doesn't come as easily to other people and maybe some things are better taught in-person. Then again, I am lacking in skills that the internet doesn't quite help with. For example, I'm not a very good cook. I try those recipe videos and all, but it never goes well. Then again, I haven't watched any other kind of beginner videos which might help, but I feel that I would learn that better if someone would teach me in person. Hthrxlynn (talk) 03:17, 5 October 2019 (EDT)





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