User:Hthrxlynn/NMAC 4460 Journal

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August 18, 2019: New Media

Based on my current knowledge, I would define "new media" by saying that it is the forms of media that have been created with the addition of advanced television broadcasting and the internet. I already know that media is the way we communicate to a large number of people. Putting "new" before it implies that there is an "old" version, which I would say is newspaper, magazines, and local television stations. Now, we not only are able to show a news station across the entirety of the US, but we can share photos, videos, and text almost instantly online, where we are connected with the rest of the world.

With the internet, we can choose which forms we wish to communicate through: news websites and blogs, videos on YouTube, or social media accounts such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. Many people communicate through more than one of these, reaching an even broader audience. I think that defines another characteristic of new media: it's easily accessible. If you want to know what is happening in the world, find inspiration for a project you're working on, or even just look up how to do something, it's right there on the internet. You can even decide to join in and share your own content. This website is a great example of a collaborative effort with users from all over the world.

August 18, 2019: New Media, After Research

After conducting research on the topic, I know that I was on the right track with my first entry. I was correct in my idea that because there is a new, there has to be an old. I forgot to mention radio, which I later found in my search of the definition of new media.

An interesting idea I came across is the argument of what qualifies as new media. The line between what is and is not new media can be blurry; for example, some would say a photograph presented digitally is new media, but the same photograph in print is not.[1] I agree with Manovich's argument that this definition is too limiting. With the way that these devices change our lives, I would argue that a photograph taken with an iPhone and printed into a book would still be new media. The subject itself, the idea that a portable device that functions as more than just a camera took the photo, and the methods of getting the photo into the book are all examples of the way that things have changed and that we have changed along with them.

Finally, the main thing I missed in my previous journal entry is that the focus of new media is on the devices themselves.[2] I think I beat around this idea, I just didn't explain the significance of the devices. The idea that we carry around a small box that can communicate with people on the other side of the world, take photographs, do math, edit and share photos and videos, and even unlock doors and give our dogs treats when we aren't home is mind boggling. The world has changed so much with the invention of the phone. There are jobs built around apps (like Uber) and we have full-length films at our fingertips with streaming services like Netflix. These are the kinds of things new media is all about.

@Hthrxlynn: I like how you mentioned Manovich's argument that the term new media is limiting. I find the term so broad because it can be referring to the digital devices, the study of how we use it, and even more. While I see the term is broad, I think it is correct that it is quite limiting too. Since we label things as "new media" or "traditional media", we forget that many of these things are combined. As you said, the lines are blurred when it comes to things like photos in certain forms. I think that instead of trying to seperate new media from the old, we should focus on the changes that were made between them. I think that would help in the further evolution of media. I guess at that point it would be newer media? Sabub (talk)

September 3, 2019: The Memex

It amazes me that I've had to learn about this hypothetical device more than once in my academic career. In July, 1945, an engineer, inventor, and science administrator by the name Vannevar Bush presented the concept of the "memex" in his article, "As We May Think." The memex would be used to store information that could be linked together in a similar way to what Wikipedia does today. Essentially, it was a database of books and information that the user could connect to other related books (or pages of books). The user had the ability to annotate the books and share their connected collections to other memex owners. Bush described it as a "mechanized private file and library." [3]

Our friend, J. C. R. Licklider saw beyond what Bush presented with his memex. Licklider saw a network of possibilities for communication across the globe, pretty much exactly as it is today. He described a system of "man-computer symbiosis" which describes a development in cooperative interaction between men and electronic computers. [4]


  1. Manovich, Lev (2001) The Language of New Media Cambridge: The MIT Press.
  2. Lucas, Gerald (2019). "New Media". Retrieved 2019-08-26.
  3. Bush, Vannevar (1945). "As We May Think". Retrieved 2019-09-03.
  4. Licklider, J. C. R. (1960). "Man-Computer Symbiosis". Retrieved 2019-09-03.