User:D.Sams96/HUMN 4472 Journal

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August 14, 2019: Science Fiction Definition

Science Fiction definition based upon the context is a genre of literature or film that is based upon science with elements and idea used throughout the story that are also imaginary. Meaning the story will likely have made up characters and events which did not or are unlikely to happen in reality. An example of this definition would be the marvel movies and comic. Many of the characters in these series are fictional. Although the movies and comic give an in-depth description of all the things which happen to each character to give them the powers, they possess such as super strength and spider senses we know that the event taken place for most of these characters are very unlikely to happen to us in the real world.

August 21, 2019: What I have learned about Science Fiction?

The first aspect of Science Fiction that I've learned from these readings and videos is that its a genre of literature which focuses on the imaginative possibilities of scientific and technological advancement. Science Fiction or 'Scientifiction" as Hugo Gernsback referred to it became popular in the 1700's.[1] The second interesting thing is that authors H.G. Welles, an English writer, and Jules Verne, a French novelist, were seen as the fore fathers of this form of literature. Science Fiction authors are often credited by scientist for developing the real world. Surprisingly most science fiction novels are what stimulates the mind of young scientist to experiment with the ideas that these authors have created such as cloning, the atomic bomb, and the airplane.[2] Lastly, Science fiction also made way for many other accomplishments besides those of the scientific realm and other forms of writing. Science Fiction for women authors in a way led to its own movement for women such as Joanna Russ and Ursula Le Guin who were able to reach a wide audience and explore feminist issues. As well as from this genre came a new form of literary writing known as Cyberpunk which is a graphic stem off of the pop culture.[3]

@D.Sams96:I agree with everything that you have to learned. I would also like to respectfully add that we must remember that SyFi has alot of social and political messages as well. I personally believe that that alot of times the message is to remind people that we're not sure what will happen o our planet once we cross certain lines so we must care for it! I could definitely see a zombie apocalypse or a Day After Tomorrow situation if we dont clean the planet up. I just recently watched a video of rapper 2-Chains trying lab grown food ( I could not find the video or I would have inserted it) however, we don't know what will happen to us after eating that.Ambersmith5 (talk) 10:02, 5 September 2019 (EDT)
@D.Sams96: Hello! I like how you explained Science Fiction as involving "imaginative possibilities". Something about that sentence sounded very right to me. On a different note, it might be helpful to attach links to the authors names that you mentioned for those who do not know about the authors, or who would like to learn more. Nice job! Christina.moore2 (talk) 15:47, 6 September 2019 (EDT)

September 13, 2019: Doctor Who "Blink"

Doctor Who a very well known television show during the 1990's. In the episode "Blink" which appeared in the third season of the show it uses common symbols but with a twist in their meanings. The angels which are common symbols of benevolence are usually seen with calm peaceful faces. In this episode they are seen weeping indicating a turn in the mood. These angels are not sent to bring peace or clarity to anyone but rather sadness and confusion. According to Elizabeth Sandifer, these angels are monsters within the plot that are used to "function along the lines of the medium they’re built in, television."[4] The weeping angels are monstrous and have similar characteristics to vampires with point teeth and long pointed claws. The solar opposite view of a true angel.

With an underlining theme of power in love and life with a hint of death the producer uses this as the angels form of life. David Tennant states as Doctor Who in the episode, "They just zap you into the past and let you live to death. You die in the past and in the present they consume the energy of all the days you might have had."[5] Here we see that life and death are both toyed with in the episode. Taking one from their current present day life and plunging them into a time period they know nothing about and forcing them to live in the past until they die. Somehow also making it possible for these alien creature to consume the life which the individual would have left in the present day. This episode alone gives its audience the idea that life is worth living whether it be in the past or in the now present. With characters such as Kathy Nightingale and Billy Shipton we find that although they could not live life in the age in which they originated they were still able to live and find love. I found this to be interesting because although the show is a science fiction genre is hints to all sorts of themes related to other genres ultimately making it relatable for all people.

@D.Sams96: I loved your thoughts on "Blink". I never took into consideration that even though Billy and Kathy were sent to the past, they were still were able to maintain peace and find love. I think this underlying theme adds a little bit more to the episode than it just being Science Fiction. Great post!! Brebre143 (talk) 01:36, 15 September 2019 (EDT)
@D.Sams96: I found it interesting how the use of symbolism was twisted in the terms of our basic meanings into the complete opposite. That is a good interpretation and analysis of the Blink Episode of Doctor Who. I have seen that same theme in fairy tales which helps bring the princesses back to life after someone tries to kill them off. I brought up fairy tales because they bring about themes to help with situations also. I find it crazy instead of fasting forward in life they went backward in time.--TSmith2020 (talk) 16:55, 15 September 2019 (EDT)
@D.Sams96: I love your analysis of this episode. It is interesting to think about how, in the beginning of the episode, Sally says she likes going to the house because it makes her sad. She says this before anyone mentions the Weeping Angles, but once you know of them it gives you something to think about.

September 14: Television Influence in "Blink" & "The Gernsback Continuum"

In both pieces we find that they both rely on different aspects of television and the things related to it as a significant symbol or object. First in blink we find that the television through DVDs was the helping factor for Sally Sparrow and Larry to defeat the weeping angels. First with the idea that the letter given to Sally by the grandmother of her best friend explaining how she fell in love with a man who runs a movie shop. This clue leads her to the DVD shop where Larry works. Later they find a common clue in seventeen DVDs, which all of them Sally happens to own, is Doctor Who. Toward the ending of the episode is through watching one of the many DVDs that they understand that he placed himself in these DVDs to help her understand how to defeat the weeping angels.[6] The television in this case is used as a time travel communication device. Doctor Who present in 1968 sends messages to Sally Sparrow in the present through the only source that would survive the difference in both time periods, that is television.

Television although it is not used to help save the world from monsters in "The Gernsback Continuum" it is used as the source of science fiction itself. Gibson defines science fiction through the details of most science fiction writings including things such as UFO findings, flying saucers or space ships, and time travel. He uses the narrator who refers back to the thirties a time period where science fiction was its most popular. The narrator relates the shows and movies he used to watch to the assignment he is given by a movie director. The focus of the movie is an "alternate America: a 1980 that never happened".[7] The narrator himself is given a lecture on how watching or reading science fiction can affect the human mind so that people begin to see what is not there giving the narrator several example of ridiculous stories he's heard. The character refers to it as "a kind of sci-fi imagery that permeates our culture".[8] Thus Gibson sees television and science fiction as having a psycho affect on humans particularly those who enjoy writing reading producing it.

@D.Sams96:: I liked how you connected the two stories with their use of media. Media is highly influential and plays a big part in how we see things. Therefore, the Doctor's use in media to communicate was very clever as well as William Gibson’s use of symbiotic ghost creating the dream world the narrator sees.--Daisja30 (talk) 22:49, 15 September 2019 (EDT)

@D.Sams96: Some creative insights here, but sometimes they lack clarity. Be sure to revise your writing before publishing. We have to work on your sourcing, too. —Grlucas (talk) 12:55, 16 September 2019 (EDT)

September 20,2019: Life Beyond Earth's Atmosphere?

I must say that before ever entering this class or entering into the readings of science fiction genre that I never thought about the possibilities of aliens or any other form of life other than those of us on Earth. However, the more that these readings entertain the idea I ponder what evidence they must have to even slightly form a scientific guess about this. In my research of life beyond Earth I found that most of the article are much like the story, "We Can Remember It For You Wholesale" by Philip Dick focus on life on Mars. The question still remains of whether there is or is not life on Mars despite the missions and research done by several scientist and researchers apart of the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration otherwise known as NASA. Scientist, Ellen Stofan states that in order to sustain life a habitat must have three factors, organic chemicals, some form of energy, and liquid water. [9] In the story we find that setting is placed in a futuristic time on Earth no exact date is given but we know it is futuristic due to the various robotic aspects mentions. The author suggests that the finding that these scientists wish for will not truly be found until further into the technological growth on Earth. For example it takes for the main character, Douglas Quail, to be subjected to a "false memory implant" in order to remember that he in fact had gone to Mars as a secret agent and why he initially had 'forgotten' this memory.[10] Stofan in the article mentions that there is a technological challenge as well as an engineering challenge as to why they have yet to land the surface of Mars. However, these challenges are not present at all in the story. In the story Dick mentions that the character has a box of microorganisms which were found on Mars surface but they do not survive the differences in the two atmospheres. There has not been any sort of findings in our current position but Dick however does make known of one great fact; that Mars atmosphere is thinner than the Earth's atmosphere as it is stated in the article mentioned as being a reason whythere is a technological challenge to entering Mars atmosphere. "While spacecraft currently orbiting Mars, on the surface, on the way or in the works are gathering data on the huge technical challenge of entry-landing-descent in Mars' thin atmosphere" Stofan states.[11] Much like the story though the episode of the X-Files "Jose Chung From Outer Space" also focuses on other forms of life in the universe but in a different light.

@D.sams96: I liked the approach you took on analyzing the story. I talked about more of the obvious aspects like erasing memory. Yet, like you mention and like I found in my research in earlier journals, science fiction often does include actual science facts. Therefore, the story can be used as both an educational tool and an entertaining one.--Daisja30 (talk) 23:32, 22 September 2019 (EDT)
@D.Sams96: Sorry, I don't see the connection between your points about life beyond Earth and Dick's story. Did you read the first part of L3? —Grlucas (talk) 10:44, 24 September 2019 (EDT)

September 21, 2019: "Jose Chung From Outer Space" X-Files vs. "We Can Remember it For You Wholesale" Dick

In the episode it contains the idea that the evidence of other life has been cover up by the authorities of the military. They hypnotize those in the episode that believe they have come encounter with true aliens from outer space. Here the idea that these findings have become a ploy created by the military. They even go as far to create a staged scene with a mock version of a UFO that has crashed with two soldiers one which was in an alien costume the other who was found in the middle of the night in an hysteric state. This show has very different views as far as its development about other life in the universe when compared to the story "We Can Remember It For You Wholesale" by Philip Dick. In the story it seems as though Dick accepts the idea that their is the possibility of life on other planets. This is obvious by the main character who is a secret agent hired as an assassin to kill someone or something on Mars. Although the two pieces of art focus on different planet the episode, Venus, the story Mars. The still create one common thread however, the creation of advanced technology for space travel and the advancement of memory altering. In "Jose Chung From Outer Space" the military has a flight ship that is made just as an UFO they are testing it's flight when the two soldiers are killed. Another scene in the episode the young girl describes an event where she in a room with military officials and they test to see what she remembers about the night of her abduction after they probe her brain in an attempt to as the girl states steal her memories.[12] In the story it does not speak much of the actual technology used to travel to space but it does speak of the technology used to tap into the memory and brain of Douglas Quail. The action of sedating the character in order to plant a memory into someone much life the memory in which could have been transferred to the girl by the hypnosis doctor at the military facility.

@D.Sams96: I think that the government created everything that happened in the episode because the moment Douglas said he saw a UFO is the moment the government started plotting. after that, the government put him exactly where they wanted so that the game of life would be in their hands. The implanted microchips allowed them to monitor his every move. They knew where and when he was at certain places. I fear the world we living in to become that way. Someone once told me that when we stop using paper for money everything will become digital like Bitcoin. I feel like the government is trying to become more in control and spying on our whereabouts at any moment. If that happens then privacy won't be a thing anymore. I feel that the government should have been open to what they saw and let them be apart of the investigation.--TSmith2020 (talk) 15:43, 22 September 2019 (EDT)
@D.Sams96: I think the episode also shows that people do accept the idea of life on other planets or from different galaxies. There were a few witnesses that, while they do say their own encounters sound crazy, believe what they saw with no hesitation. I enjoyed how Roky Crikenson in the episode stood by his account by giving it to Mulder and Scully even after the Men in Black came and threatened him. I think this shows how there are still people who refuse to be scared into forgetting what they saw or experienced.Christina.moore2 (talk) 15:34, 22 September 2019 (EDT)
@D.Sams96: Please see my feedback that I will be updating through the day on 9/24/19. —Grlucas (talk) 10:46, 24 September 2019 (EDT)

September 24, 2019: Memories Saved on Device Implants?

In the episode of Black Mirror "The Entire History of You" I found the concept of memory to be very interesting. While watching you learn of the events of the episode it is clear to see that everyone's memory can be viewed on screen as well as replayed as a movie through their eyes. In process of watching this I thought to research about memory it self to find anything related to the concepts of the episode. In my research I found myself asking, what if we as humans now could remember every detail of every memory we ever experienced? Then I thought of how many of us find it hard to remember memories before or after a certain event that occurred in our life. This led me to question why.I found that their was a rare connection between the reality of the way in which the brain produces memories and the fictional view point of it in the episode, which was not too far off of the reality. In the episode it is clear that you can simply delete a memory if you wanted to without deleting everything before it or during that same time period. In article I found by the University of California, it states that the reason for why we cannot remember certain places, people, or events is because our brains are developed to prioritize rewarding memories.[13] If we could however recall memories that we do not think about or try to forget it would be similar to this experience in the episode where the wife wanted to forget the event however instead of deleting it placed in the back of her mind until her husband demanded to see it. In reality we all cannot easily remember memories, both good or bad, but when it does happen scientist refer to it as 'free recall.' In an article about the topic, the scientist describes it as a process when the brain "spontaneously generates a pattern and its description from a past event it has experienced."[14] However in the episode it shows a more exaggerated view of what the article refers to as recognition, where the brain is given a trigger image, name etc. and it can develop a memory of an event involving that trigger.[15] Depicted in the scene where Liam confronts Jonas and in quarrel demands for him to delete all his memories of his wife, Fiona. The mentioning of her name as well as through the search of his memory for her face, he is able to delete every memory of her.[16]

@D.Sams96: Very interesting read! I think the grain would be very beneficial being that we would have access to all of our memories. However, since it is an implant, it makes me wonder what age they receive their grains. If they do not receive them until let’s say 3 years old, then wouldn’t their grains start from that age? What do you think?--Daisja30 (talk) 23:47, 28 September 2019 (EDT)
@D.Sams96: I think that it is beneficial to have a grain to a certain point in life. I think the features of knowing vital signs and location of person wearabouts. I think that location is good untill after middle school because if you dont give yur child enough freedon they will want to do everything they can without parental consent. The vital signs is good for any age to determin someones health.--TSmith2020 (talk) 15:58, 29 September 2019 (EDT)
@D.Sams96: No one wants to read big blocks of text on screen. See the beginning lesson 3 again: formatting basics. Still having referencing issues, too. Please see me. —Grlucas (talk) 11:53, 30 September 2019 (EDT)

September 25,2019: Cybernetics

The only similarity that I found between the episode "The Entire History of You" Black Mirror and the reading "The Girl Who Was Plugged In" James Tiptree was the use of cybernetics. Cybernetics is defined as the science of communication and automatic control system within mechanics and living things. The difference is the use of cybernetics in both pieces. In Black Mirror the cybernetic aspect of it is the idea of communication through the memory devices implants in each individual. In the episode however we find that the individuals in the world can replay memories. The device within them is the communication device which can detect televisions near and allow for them to play these memories as long as they use a smaller device similar to that of a remote. In the reading of "The Girl Who Was Plugged In" we find a more advanced use of cybernetics through the remote controlling of mechanically operated artificial humans. A young girl, P. Burke, suffers from pituitary dystrophy. When her attempt at public suicide fails, understanding that it is illegal, she given an offer to escape the punishment by a representative from Global Transmissions Corporations (GTX). They connect P. Burke to wiring which essentially allows her to remote control an genetically modified human who they refer to as Delphi in this the human which once was P. Burke becomes the "remote."[17] Here in this story we find that communication is done through the artificial model through the use of electrodes and cables running into her body using the mind of the actual human which posses them. Communication from the brain with mechanics.

@D.Sams96: This is an interesting post. I like your explanation of Cybernetics. I saw a few other similarities between the two, such as societal influence and the corporations control. Christina.moore2 (talk) 16:20, 29 September 2019 (EDT)

October 2, 2019: Race and Science Fiction

An issue projected in the episode is racism but particularly racism as it relates to the creation and production of science fiction stories. In a genre that focuses of futuristic expectations it isn't much of an far stretch to believe that authors would include the evolution of society with regards to race gender and culture. In the episode the writer Benny Russell, creates a story where the main character and Captain is a black man, Benjamin Sisko. The writer struggles to have his story published because he himself is a black man. Here the episode creates tension between blacks and the genre of science fiction. The publisher of the magazine which Benny works for rejects everything that focuses on black people, not allowing him to have a picture in the magazine where as the other authors except the woman author as well as rejection of his story.[18] In my research of race or racism and science fiction, I found that many science fiction works focus on social issues such as racism but when using black characters they try not to include the mere fact that they are indeed black characters.[19] This is not the same when you speak about Benjamin Sisko's depiction in the episode. Many writers such as Theodore Sturgeon before this believed that not many blacks had the imagination or the time to imagine things such as the way Benny Russell did in the episode.[20] In my view of the issue I feel that race is something that is hard to tackle in a field that is already considered an underdog compared to other genres of literature.

@D.Sams96: I agree with your points. This story definitely focuses on social science as it refers to the human society and social relationships. Do you ever think a science fiction story can get too political that it overpowers the aspect of being a science fiction story?--Daisja30 (talk) 17:05, 5 October 2019 (EDT)

@D.Sams96: I totally agree about how racism and science fiction correlated with each other in the Deep Space Nine episode. Science fiction has been dominated for so long by white men that when a person of color contributes to the genre, he/she is denied because of prejudice. The trials and tribulations people of color go through to compete in science fiction with white authors is disheartening, but also eye opening to the perseverance of the new authors. MarinChristina (talk) 23:58, 6 October 2019 (EDT)

@D.Sams96: Great points you made here. Racism in the science fiction genre was indeed a main topic in this episode. It's also great to see in that the show in general has such a diverse cast, which also helps break the stereotype. Brebre143 (talk) 00:14, 7 October 2019 (EDT)

October 2, 2019: Humans, Space, and Aliens: Deep Space Nine and Bloodchild

Several stories have common thread when it comes to space and planets in science fiction, but only a few depict the relationship between human life and alien life. Although we did not get a scene of communication between the two in the episode of Deep Space Nine, we know with it being a spin off of Star Trek that their obviously is such communication in other episodes. In the episode we watch we find that humans who live in an outer space ship. Also in the show their is an alien who become a part of the crew named Quark even though he is not shown in this episode he is still a main character. SO we get the sense that aliens are helpful and not harmful.[21] In Bloodchild we find a community of humans on an alien planet. The humans, called Terrans, are able to communicate with the aliens easily. In this story we have it that theses aliens who are helpful but also harmful. The extraterrestrial beings known as Tlic protect the humans from the other alien life on the planet however each family must sacrifice one boy as a host for the Tlic to reproduce.[22] In this story we see that the alien life offer the compromise in order to continue their rein of the planet with not much thought to the reproduction of human life. The story goes on to state a common thread among most science fiction as it relates to aliens, the horror of their ways. In the scene where the boy experiences pain due to the eggs that are hatching inside him the Tlic named,T’Gatoi keeps him from being eaten from the inside out by the baby Tilcs. After the human who is said to be impregnated by her, Gan, tries to find his escape from planet through suicide knowing that if he goes out the community to face other alien life he knows nothing about. These both provide two very different views of extraterrestrial life and their responses to humans.[23]

@D.Sams96: Interesting comments. I am not as familiar with the Star Trek series, hence, I had no idea of the way the space crew communicated with the humans. Also, from the episode alone it does not show their communication either. However, that makes me wonder, was the contact perhaps through one another’s subconscious or dream state?--Daisja30 (talk) 22:13, 6 October 2019 (EDT)
@D.Sams96: Some good points and sources. Once again, please use paragraphs and citation templates. Your titles are still incorrect. Please review: “Writing in the Liberal Arts” again. —Grlucas (talk) 10:01, 7 October 2019 (EDT)

October 16, 2019: A Parallel Universe

In Pratt's story we see that Pete enters a movie shop that never existed during his time period. Claiming it to be from another time period. He explains this with the idea that the store provides continuation of movie series that have ended and special cuts to movies that don't exist in his world. This is because in his world many of the creators of these movies had died or destroyed these works before the public could get a hold of it. The only way that I would describe this is that the store acts as a time travel agent into a parallel universe. The door or entrance to the store appears every night at the same time acting as the portal between the two universes. The store clerk, Ally, explains that they do not take Visa or MasterCard but they take a different form of credit or debit that does not exist, As the electronic systems are different from the production of movies, DVD players, laptops etc. in the current world he lives in. It is as though the people in the universe experience life completely different from those in Pete's world. This is an example description of the eternal inflation theory.[24] The theory hypothesis states that after the Big Bang the universe expanded forming stars, galaxies, and several universes referring to it as multiverse. [25] These universes are their own entities in itself and the means of life and its properties can be completely different from this one but they can at some point collide with each other. Although the theory agrees with the idea of a multiverse neither have been proven to be true, but the story allows you to see what this parallel universe may be like.

@D.Sams96: Hello Deja, I enjoyed reading your post I did not think about two different times in the same world as two different universes. I agree with the technology advancing and the previous time period not being prepared for it. You have some great terms I would have wished to read more about if they had Wikipedia articles. Remember you can put those in your post by using w: . I would also suggest using short footnotes in order for your citations to be picked out directly in your written text sources.--TSmith2020 (talk) 14:32, 20 October 2019 (EDT)
@D.Sams96: It's cool to think that maybe one day we could find out if alternative universes are really. In Pratt's story I enjoyed how he added the detail of money and credit cards not being the same in a different universe, because with some stories I've read the author just focuses on how specific events are changed. Great post!! Brebre143 (talk) 22:32, 20 October 2019 (EDT)

October 18,2019: Love in a Parallel Universe

A common theme in both "Impossible Dream" by Pratt and Star Trek's episode "The City on the Edge of Forever" is the theme of love in a parallel universe. Pete, the main character from "Impossible Dream" meets the clerk, Ally, of a movie store that happens to exists in the same time period but a part of a different universe and happens to build an attraction to her. Captain Kirk from Star Trek goes back in time to the year of 1936 to stop Doctor McCoy from ruining the future and end up falling in love with a woman who existed almost 200 years before his existence. Both characters are originally in a time in their lives where they would prefer someone to share life with but in their current situations have not been able to attain this. Pete not being in a financially stable position to date and not having someone who finds interest in movies the way that he does. Captain Kirk being the Captain of a spaceship that travels through space to unknown worlds and planets. In positions such as these where they find themselves in a world where they are alone, without one to love or share common individual interests, but not in being, life which occupies the planet or universe. Both works consult the idea that even when love seems unattainable in one universe that there is always someone somewhere who would love them even if they exist on another planet.

@D.Sams96: Hey, I liked your take on finding love in parallel universes. In most discussions like this that I've seen, the focus is on the consequences of meddling in other timelines or universes. But you're right, it also affects the people involved in both. Maybe to them, it could be worth it. -MorganAtMGA (talk) 19:15, 19 October 2019 (EDT)
@D.Sams96: I can't imagine falling in love with someone from a different time and then having to leave them. At least for Pete and Ally they could stay together happily. Nice post! Christina.moore2 (talk) 16:18, 20 October 2019 (EDT)

October 25, 2019: Simulated or Virtual Reality

In this episode of Black Mirror they touch on the idea of artificial realities or simulation reality, which is named San Junipero. The episode touches on the idea of the afterlife offering an answer for those who believe in life after death but leaving those who don't to their own fate. The process of simulation through the connection of a device to the temple in order to enter San Junipero. Those who are visiting, usually the elderly, have until only until midnight before they disappear. [26] Kelly is a woman who is dying and first chooses to die just as her husband has without simulation but at the end of the movie changes her mind. In the episode it seems more closely related to virtual reality. We know that virtual reality is where we launch ourselves into an already simulated reality. [27] The device used in the episode is a far more complex and smaller device than the devices used in the present day for virtual reality. The device essentially displays signals to sense organs allowing them to have control over their experiences. [28] However, the growth of technology for virtual reality will soon provide a crutch for people who choose to abuse the technology for personal advancement. It allows people who aren't as adventurous during the everyday life. [29]

@D.Sams96: Interesting point about being adventurous in everyday life versus in a simulation. It does make you think, I agree, about the time we spend in simulations already, like in video games or virtual reality. I've never liked the term IRL (in real life) for that reason. No matter what we're doing, it's all our real life. Until we start uploading our consciousnesses into San Juniperos, anyway. Good post. -MorganAtMGA (talk) 22:44, 27 October 2019 (EDT)
@D.Sams96: I like your point of view in this post as it gives us a comparison of virtual reality and simulations. It is not often that everyone live there days without regrets. The simulations and virtual realities allow people to have second chances at their life. I think the only down fall is that their time is limited and they do not know how to explain to other people that they catch feelings with that their time of existence is not permanent. Also, your citation for your first reference is broken. --TSmith2020 (talk) 23:28, 27 October 2019 (EDT)

October 26,2019: Post-humanism in Staying Behind

In author, Ken Liu's story, Staying Behind he uses characteristics related to post-humanism ideas such as us vs. them, and post apocalypse. The story consists of three groups, the vandals,who have become like zombies, the Uploaded, those who have chosen to live forever by means of machines and the left behind, who are those that believe in life and death the original way. This all came about after a time period that was referred to as Singularity.[30]

Us vs Them

The idea of the us vs them is where the life that is different from the normal is feared and it seems as if the only way to beat it is to fight. This essentially is a creation of a sense of hierarchy among the different groups.[31] The uploaded or the dead are essential people who chose to die after Singularity choosing for their memories and thoughts to be technologically uploaded to computers. This way they are still able to communicate with those who are still alive through all means. In the beginning it is clear that their is a war between those who stayed behind and the uploaded because they are trying to steal the children of those who stayed behind because they do not have any. There isn't per say a war between the left behind and the vandals who inhabit whats left of the Earth but because they are like zombies and feed of of flesh the left behind always keep guns in order to protect themselves.

Post-Apocalyptic Characteristics

The narrator of the story describes the world in which they current live he describes it as dangerous and deserted with dense forests and building that seem to be falling and rusting. He also explains that those who have been left behind have had to feed off of canned food being that they are without gasoline which powers most stoves and their does not seem to be television which would mean not much power. However in the scene where his daughter Lucy goes to prom he explains that it will be at the high school where they will use "an old laptop and speakers on their last legs" which implies that most of the technology they are use to has not been updated.[30] This is what science fiction writers define as a post apocalyptic era. A world that is "bleak with extreme weather, violence, a leeriness toward technology." [32]


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