User:Brebre143/HUMN 4472 Journal

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August 18, 2019: Science Fiction

Science fiction is a type of literature or film that usually has imaginative details. This can include time travel, fictional worlds, parallel universes, etc. Some of the most common science fiction is Harry Potter, Star Wars, and Star trek. The most well known television station that is dedicated to science fiction films is the SyFy network.

Hi Brebre143! I'm a fellow student in this class. Still figuring Wikipedia out, so I hope this works. I like that you mentioned parallel universes in your post--that's a favorite trope of mine too. Good luck in the class! --MorganAtMGA (talk) 00:33, 22 August 2019 (UTC)

August 20, 2019: What I learned about Sci-Fiction

While reading some of the articles and watching videos about Science Fiction, I learned that there are various ways that people define what Science Fiction is. Ursula Le Guin describe science fiction as "a literary tradition, a genre of fiction like realism".[1] Another thing that I learned from watching the video "The Truth about Science Fiction" is that many of the things that were predicted and written about in Science Fiction novels have actually come true such as Robots and Airplanes.[2] Lastly, I learned that Science Fiction became popular in the 1920s, thanks to "the genre’s principal advocates, the American publisher Hugo Gernsback"[3] This led to the Hugo Awards, where achievements are given to Science Fiction writers, directors, films, etc.

@Brebre143: But Le Guin shows how sf goes beyond realism. How? (I would suggest this is the important part.) —Grlucas (talk) 08:05, 31 August 2019 (EDT)
@Brebre143: Hello, I enjoyed reading your post. I have never heard of the Hugo Awards. I will have to check it out. I liked how your post was structured and flowed seamlessly. I will have to agree on science fiction becoming real life. For example, the vacuums that move around on their own to clean. No one would have thought about that if it wasn't for movies putting the idea out there. TSmith2020 (talk) 00:57, 7 September 2019 (EDT)
@Brebre143: After through all the definitions, which one resonated with you the most? 21:58, 8 September 2019 (EDT)

August 30, 2019:Journal about "The Swimmer"

With this journal entry, I've decided to look at some aspects from John Cheever's "The Swimmer". One thing that stood out to me in this short story was the theme of time passing. At the beginning of the story we are introduced to the protagonist that goes by the name of Neddy Meril. He is described as a man who is slender and exudes youth though being far from it. He is depicted to be cheery and habitually sliding down his banister for a swim daily. He sees himself as an explorer, making it his mission to swim in all of his neighbors pools while he sees it as a travel across the country. As he begins to make his pit stops, alcohol always seems to be involved at every stop. First he is offered a drink, but then each stop turns into him asking for a drink. A few drinks in, he realizes that one of his neighbor's house is completely empty, which leads him to ponder of when they left as he could've sworn he had just heard from them recently. This continues to happen with every pool he takes a dip in. I started to notice that each time he made a stop to get a drink the more things in his environment would change, and his neighbors started to respond differently. The one that stuck out to me the most was when he stopped by Mrs. Halloran's house,

"We've been terribly sorry to hear about all your misfortunes, Neddy."

My misfortunes?" Ned asked. I don't know what you mean."

"Why we heard that you'd sold the house and that your poor children ... . "

"I don't recall having sold the house," Ned said, /and the girls are at home."

Yes" Mrs. Halloran sighed. "Yes .... " Her voice filled the air with an unseasonable melancholy."[4]

This shows that there has been time that has passed that the protagonist doesn't seem to remember. At the beginning of the story it is noted that he slid down the banister of his home, and now the neighbor is speaking about how his home was sold and mentioning an event that happened involving his children.

It is also worthy to mention that each time he gets out of someones pool, he progressively has a harder time getting out, signifying time passing and him getting older. The ending really pulls the whole story together when Neddy at last goes to his mistresses house asking for a drink in which he is denied. In this moment is where you see true emotion from Neddy "It was probably the first time in his adult life that he had ever cried, certainly the first time in his life that he had ever felt so miserable, cold, tired, and bewildered." (9)[5] He stumbled to the driveway of what was once his home, and realizes that his wife and children are gone, his bed is gone, the garage to had rusted, and the doors were locked. He finally realizes that his home is empty and he has nothing left. The article that I found did a great job of going into detail with the themes and motives that were being portrayed in the short story. The article touched on the theme of the passage of time and stated "Neddy lives in a world of denial and his act of repressing painful events has led him to lose track of time. But as we all know, time eventually catches up with us, and throws reality into our faces when we least expect it. This is seen through the quick changing of the seasons and the seemingly sudden aging you see in Neddy."[6]

@Brebre143: Neddy Merrill can also be described as "childlike" or "immature" because of his carefree attitude. He spends the majority of his time with friends, drinking alcohol, and swimming. Neddy is living in this alternate reality where the events have already taken place, but he is still living in the past. I do not see Neddy as aging every time he gets out of the pool. I think the times passing by every time he gets out of the pool is the alcohol wearing out of his system. With the alcohol wearing out, he is becoming more coherent to his surroundings. Cheever mentions Neddy on the highway being ridiculed with him wearing only swim trunks in the autumn standing in the median. The changing weather and the missing neighbors brings him into a bit of sobriety causing him to realize that his alcoholism has destroyed his reputation, social life, wealth, family, health, and sanity. MarinChristina (talk) 19:07, 1 September 2019 (EDT)
@Brebre143: For this journal, I did not focus on "The Swimmer," but I found your response on the story to be very interesting. I did not interpret Neddy's struggle getting out of the pool as time passing and him getting older, yet that makes so much sense. You really critically analyzed the story, which makes me want to read the story again.--Daisja30 (talk) 18:48, 8 September 2019 (EDT)
@Brebre143: Some thoughtful observations here. You needn't use parenthetical citations if you footnote. I fixed some formatting issues here. Be sure to proofread, and it would be nice to respond to your comments. —Grlucas (talk) 16:01, 9 September 2019 (EDT)

September 3, 2019: Journal Post 4

When reading "The Swimmer", I felt that it was little easier to follow and figure out what the themes were in the story. With La Jette, it was a little more difficult to follow which resulted in me having to watch it again and read some analyses of it. When I grasped a better understanding of the film I realized that the one thing that the short story and the film both had in common was the theme of time and change. In The Swimmer, the theme of time and change took place in the fact that Neddy had so much alcohol in his system that he was not aware of the things that were taking place, and how fast time was moving from the time he came down his stairs to get coffee at the beginning of the story to him standing in his house window to see that it was empty at the end of the story. In La Jetee, time and change is taking place when the protagonist's jailers send him to the past to meet the woman he always remembered and when was visited by the people of the future who offered to help him escape to their time.

Both the film and the short story did a great job in immersing the reader in the mind of the protagonists. La Jetee did so in a way that was best described in an article that I found stating "The film consists almost exclusively of still photographs which are used to animate this short film. This photo-roman technique combined with the narrator’s sparse monologue creates an ethereal atmosphere within the film."[7] The film also had background noises of the jailers speaking and you could also hear the heartbeat of the protagonist while he was being sent into the different time realm, giving the true feeling of what taking place during that time. In "The Swimmer", we are able to feel what the protagonist is feeling by the vivid descriptions of what was taking place and what he was feeling at all time. This helped really show the theme of time and change in this short story.

@Brebre143: It should be "The Swimmer" and La Jetée. Please review "Writing in the Liberal Arts." —Grlucas (talk) 16:04, 9 September 2019 (EDT)

September 11, 2019: Journal Post 5 "Blink"

In the Doctor Who episode "Blink", the theme of time travel was very prevalent. There were some things regarding time travel that stuck out to me, such as how everything in the episode was connected to each other somehow. Another aspect that stuck out to me was how the fourth wall was broken in this episode, which I'll continue to discuss these matters below.

Time is connected

The entire episode "Blink" was based around how Sally Sparrow was chosen to stop the Angels from getting to the time travel box and gaining more power from it. Each character played a role in being the puzzle piece to help Sally, but there was one character that stuck out to me the most, and that was Billy Shipton. When Billy came in his older self to tell Sally how to stop the Angels, Billy mentioned that he married a girl whose name was also Sally. This stuck out to me, because when Sally's friend Kathy wrote her letter to Sally, she mentioned that she named her daughter after her. This came across as it could be Kathy's daughter Sally who Billy was married to. One thing that supports this was that The Doctor kept mentioning how time was all connected and time was not linear, and since both Kathy and Billy had some type of connection to the Wester Drumlins house, this could be possible the Kathy and Billy's Sally are the same person since time is all connected.

Fourth Wall

The next aspect that stuck out to me was how the fourth wall was broken throughout this episode. The Doctor made it very clear that when you are in the presence of the statues, it is vital not to blink and not to turn your back. The audience is connected to this warning as well. Each scene that the Angels are visible to the audience they are still and usually in the weeping position, indicating that they are trying not to look at you because we are looking at them. When Kathy's brother and Sally are back in the Wester Drumlins house, the Angels that are not in our view are shown moving around in the next room from their shadows. This is also seen when the Angels are following them to the time travel box, and every time the light turns on the statues are still and in a different position than previously.

@Brebre143: I think you make a good point about the fourth wall being broken in the episode. It's probably part of why it's so popular with fans. The last few seconds of the episode seemed to be less focused on The Doctor and more about influencing the audience's perception of statues in the real world. I hadn't watched the show before, but I've heard fans of it say "Don't blink." Now I know what they were talking about. -MorganAtMGA (talk) 16:29, 15 September 2019 (EDT)
@MorganAtMGA: I hadn't watch the show either, but after this episode I think I'll give it a try. Brebre143 (talk) 21:32, 16 September 2019 (EDT)
@Brebre143: Some great observations here. Did you look at any secondary criticism? —Grlucas (talk) 12:27, 16 September 2019 (EDT)
@Grlucas: For this journal post I did not look at any secondary criticisms, although I did look at some for journal post 6. Brebre143 (talk) 21:32, 16 September 2019 (EDT)
@Brebre143: The fourth wall being broken throughout this episode of Doctor Who was something that was definitely spoken on the most when I searched the internet for analysis and reviews of the episode. Secondary criticisms on this episode do, like Morgan above stated, cite this as one of the more influential and popular episodes among those in the fandom, and I think that it is pretty obvious to many of us as to why. It made us feel more involved in the story line with the fourth wall coming down. Tprouty93 (talk) 23:45, 28 September 2019 (EDT)

September 13, 2019:Journal Post 6 "Blink" & "The Gernsback Continuum"

One thing that "Blink" and William Gibson's "The Gernsback Continuum" have in common is the idea of a 'continumm'. According to Dr. Andrew Wood's criticism of "The Gernsback Continuum, "The 'continuum' refers to a conceptual space, an alternative universe that exists alongside our own - and occasionally intersects with our 'real' world. " [8]. With the understanding of what a continuum represents, I realized that Dr Who's "Blink" could also be described as a continuum. In "The Gernsback Continuum", the narrators continuum is this view of a futuristic world. He never noticed these images until he spoke to Dialta Downes, who spoke about how she likes to view architecture for her photography. Ever since their conversation, the narrator started having images that tied into his daily life "And looked up to see a twelve-engined thing like a bloated boomerang, all wing, thrumming its way east with an elephantine grace, so low that I could count the rivets in its dull silver skin, and hear-maybe-the echo of jazz." [9]. The images of a futuristic world that the narrator was seeing was the alternate universe of what America would be like if the futuristic goals were fulfilled.

The idea of a 'continuum' was seen in the episode "Blink" during Sally Sparrow's mission to stop the Weeping Angels. Her version of a continuum was the constant time travel that took place between The Doctor, Billy Shipton, & Kathy Nightingale. They all had some contact with Sally in her present reality, while they were still in the past and or future. The time travel existed alongside her own reality to help her get the clues to stop the Weeping Angels. The best example of this was seen at the ending scene of the episode where Sally see's her reality of 'present day' The Doctor, while when The Doctor see's Sally his 'present day' is actually the past which is why he does not recognize Sally when she confronts him. Even though both works of art were different examples of a continuum could be, they both give insight of how this idea can take place.

@Brebre143: Wood’s idea of the continuum can most definitely be seen in the episode “Blink.” A lot of its interactions dealt with these alternate universes coinciding and being impacted simultaneously as they exist alongside Sally’s view of the ‘real’ world in which she is currently living. -Atallent (talk) 13:06, 15 September 2019 (EDT)
@Brebre143: I agree with the statement you made about two worlds being parallel and sometimes intersecting. I felt that was one of the themes from both of these stories. I feel that two parallel worlds is also the basis of time travel and why time travel is so widely used in sf. Ambersmith5 (talk) 09:26, 16 September 2019 (EDT)
@Brebre143: Though Wood's concept of a continuum may not be explicitly stated in stories that have time travel, it is evident that in all reality, such a concept probably exist whether it dons the same name or not, so I am glad you pointed that out! Time travel has to answer a few things to work, or else a deadly paradox will occur. In "Blink" we see that the paradox created by time travel is closed and rationalized by the fact that the continuum not only intersects with the main timeline, but that every timeline co-exist and always is which aligns with the mathematical definition of a continuum; that a set of real numbers contains the rational and irrationals and cannot be separated. In The Gernsback Continuum, the timeline does not always exist as one, but parallel to one another and still within the same dimension, also aligning with the mathematical definition of continuum, and also the definition that leaves a continuum as something that varies in very minute differences. This can be seen in the fact that both universes must exist as the main charater is seeing them, but the small differences create two separate existences. Tprouty93 (talk) 22:12, 25 September 2019 (EDT)

September 20, 2019: Journal Post 7- Themes in "We Can Remember It For You Wholesale"

The short story, "We Can Remember It For You Wholesale" by Philip K. Dick, has many plot twist pertaining to Douglas Quail's memory implants. He had a memory implant to suppress his memories of being an Interplan agent and later wanted one that fulfilled his childhood fantasy, only to find out that it was actually true and had just been suppressed as well. Considering the fact that Doug had many memory implants, I gathered that all of his possible memory implants all involved him having some significance to the situation, giving the idea that he is unhappy with his life and just wants to feel significant to society.

At the beginning of the story, it is immediately known that Doug does not enjoy his job, "A miserable little salaried employee, he said to himself with bitterness." [10] He would much rather travel to Mars, only to find out that he already has and had a job as an assassin. Toward the end of the story, all Doug wants is to have his daydreams to be fulfilled to get rid of his actual memories of being on Mars. This daydream involves him being the most important person on Earth who saves humanity from aliens, which can be seen as a pretty arrogant wish, this turns out to be true and is also suppressed.

This leads me to the idea that Doug has the want to be relevant. An article that I found helps support this idea, "In his deepest fantasy he is someone who matters, the complete opposite of his life on Earth." [11] In reality, Doug is completely relevant considering the fact that his existence is saving the whole Earth from the return of aliens. The problem with this is that he is not consciously aware of this, making him dissatisfied, "That fact that he really does matter is less significant than the fact that he wants to be conscious of his significance."[12] His one true want is to feel like he has some value to society and he does not get that with his everyday job.

I did not think to take a psychoanalytic standpoint with this story. However your analysis of Douglas Quail is interesting. The idea that a mans desire to important is in fact a difficulty for those around him try to suppress his memories but ultimately the erasing of his memory do not work due to the over all power of his conscious. However maybe elaborate more on your point of why he feels this way. --D.Sams96 (talk) 21:28, 20 September 2019 (EDT)

@Brebre143: I would think that Douglas is repressing his memories to meet the conformity of society. Douglas is most likely an autonomous person, but the pressure to be an average person is too strong for him to be his authentic self. I think the author is giving out a message to readers that we can't forget anything of our past to suppress it to satisfy others. The past memories are still a part of his identity, but he covers them to conform. Maybe he had been forced to forget about the aliens from his childhood like he was forced to forget about being an agent. The attachments to his memories are too strong for him to let go. MarinChristina (talk) 20:59, 22 September 2019 (EDT)

September 20, 2019- "We Can Remember It For You Wholesale" & "Jose Chung's From Outer Space" Similar Themes

While watching The X-Files episode, "Jose Chung's From Outer Space", I noticed the many aspects that the episode and "We Can Remember It For You Wholesale" had in common. The two main themes that I saw in both stories was the theme of false memory and memory manipulation.

The best example of this can be seen in the character Chrissy in The X-Files episode. False memory can be seen when Chrissy goes in for her hypnosis, her story changes each time "The stories appear to reflect the most recent version of the story she has heard from someone else, not the truth of the event that happened to her."[13]. One minute her story is that both her and Blaine we taken captive by the aliens and being examined and the next minute, her story is that she was surrounded by the C.I.A and the Air force. This idea of false memory can also be seen in "We Can Remember It For You Wholesale". Doug wants a false memory implantation to satisfy his urge to go to Mars. Similarly to Chrissy's scenario, he can't determined what events actually took place "By God, I think I went." After a pause he added, And simultaneously I think I didn't go." [14]

The next theme that was oddly similar in the way it took place was memory manipulation. In both stories, Chrissy and Doug had encounters with the military, which ultimately resulted in their memories being wiped. In "Jose Chung's From Outer Space, during Chrissy's second hypnosis, she stated that she was surrounded by the C.I.A and the Air Force while they were talking about her and asking her about the alien spaceship. This ended with them saying "this is all for the good of the country" [15], and erased her memory. This is very similar to Doug's scenario where when he is under sedation he reveals that his wanted false memory was actually true, 'Someone, probably at a government military-sciences lab, erased his conscious memories".[16] Both characters had their supposed run ins with the military resulting in their memories being erased.

@Brebre143: I similarly talked about the similarity within this week's material. I agree with what you have written about the hypnosis and how the government wanted the characters to not remember what they had seen or been through. I think that the government keeping secrets is what creates the want to explore and find out more information. I the government had been truthful with them it would have eventually been second nature to the citizens. I think our government does the same thing until we have a leak in information to the public then it becomes mass media. They need to learn that there is a conflict of interest because it is always best, to be honest with the people who elect you into positions but to me, politics is nothing but a melting pot of lies.--TSmith2020 (talk) 02:47, 22 September 2019 (EDT)
@TSmith2020: I agree that there are some similarities in how the Government handles information. I think a lot of the short stories and episodes that we have watched so far can be easily related to our real-world, and I think that's why Science Fiction is so popular. Brebre143 (talk) 00:48, 27 September 2019 (EDT)
@Brebre143: Hey, great post! I like that you compared Chrissy's double-hypnosis to Quail's two visits to Rekal. I hadn't made that connection yet. In both, it's like there are layers of the character's consciousness being explored, and it's tough--especially at first--to sort out what's really going on. Also in both stories, I felt bad for the characters having their memories altered and not knowing what's real. That would be pretty disorienting, I think. -MorganAtMGA (talk) 21:03, 22 September 2019 (EDT)
@Brebre143:I had noticed the same with both the story and episode. They both had something to do with memories getting manipulated and them being altered. It is just went about differently.-Tami Marie (talk) 9:06, 22 September 2019 (EDT)
@Brebre143: A good start, but you need to use secondary sources. Please see my feedback that I will be updating through the day on 9/24/19. —Grlucas (talk) 07:39, 24 September 2019 (EDT)
@Grlucas: Do you want Galileo articles more specifically? I used a website as my secondary source for this journal post. Brebre143 (talk) 15:32, 24 September 2019 (EDT)
@Brebre143: Like paper, the best sources are still books, journal articles, and solid periodicals. Galileo would be a great place to find solid secondary sources. —Grlucas (talk) 15:47, 24 September 2019 (EDT)
The Entire History of You

September 27, 2019: Journal Post 9-Black Mirror "The Entire History of You" Technology Can Drive Us Crazy

Black Mirror has been one of my favorite series on Netflix, and when I first watched the episode "The Entire History of You", I thought that it would be cool to have something like the grain where you could remember everything vividly. After re-watching the episode, and looking at it from the aspect of how it would be in our modern lives, I realized that it wouldn't be as nice and would be very similar to how things took place in the episode. This episode highlights the dark-side of future advanced technology.

Downfall of Technology

In this episode, it is shown that the protagonist, Liam, becomes obsessive of learning about his wife's former fling with Jonas. This leads to a spiral in their relationship, with lies being uncovered, resulting in Liam taking the grain out because he can't take the constant reminders anymore. An article by Den of Greek explores the idea of how this technology would actually effect us, "Given our current appetite for sharing carefully selected chunks of our personal lives on the Internet, the idea of people in the future recording and sharing memories isn’t too much of a stretch, and the way the episode depicts it is quite convincing, and extremely eerie." [17]. In many ways it would be useful to have this type of technology to help with a big speech you need to give, but given our societies already obsessive behavior that takes place on social media, we would most likely spiral out of control just like Liam.

Social media allows us to have a little taste of what it would be like to have technology like the grain. We are able to look at pictures from good times on Instagram, memories of videos from years ago on Snapchat; this is pretty similar to the grain, minus us having a chip installed into our heads. This episode was a glimpse of how technology can sound like a good idea now, but when it's actually implemented and given the natural obsessive behavior of humans, this technology would drive us crazy.

Privacy issues

One other thing that I noticed in this episode, was when Liam went to the airport, and they went through his memory in order for him to be allowed to board the plane. This was a bit of an invasion of privacy as he was forced to go through a couple of days worth of memory to ensure safety. This leads to the question, "If citizens have no privacy over the memories, what does this mean for criminals?"[18]. If law enforcement used this technology as a means of evidence, there would have to be some laws set in place for people's protection "in the event that law enforcement would like to gain access to the information stored or the data collected on an individual’s smart lens, then a warrant would be required, pursuant to the Fourth Amendment.[19] With this type of technology, we would have no sense of privacy, and it makes you wonder if these people have access to people's memories, what are they doing with it and keeping it?

@Brebre143: Social media does give us a glimpse of what it is like to remember the good times, but what I think is even more haunting about the grain is the fact that it captures everything without choice and is used in ways that monitor our every action. -Atallent (talk) 12:02, 29 September 2019 (EDT)
@Brebre143: I do not think that technology is on a downfall but I think that it is evolving too quick. I think we will eventually have people jobs replaced as for like officers giving tickets or cashiers to scan items. I think robots will take over these tasks. I agree that having social media is almost like their grains. I think we are headed to implants to get rid of printing money. As for privacy, we willingly give up our rights as privacy to the government with rights inside of applications.--TSmith2020 (talk) 16:20, 29 September 2019 (EDT)

September 28, 2019: "The Entire History of You" & "The Girl Who Was Plugged In"- Combining Technology with Humans

The most notable thing that "The Entire History of You" and James Tiptree Jr's "The Girl Who Was Plugged In" have in common is the idea of combining technology with a human. This is seen with the most of the population having the grain implanted in their heads in Black Mirror, and P. Burke being transformed into a cyborg named Delphi in "The Girl Who Was Plugged In". While the Black Mirror scenario would be more realistic for the future, they both share the concept of remote controlling. The remote controlling in "The Entire History of You" is shown when Liam and most of the population could control how to look back at any memory that they desired by using an actual remote to scroll through whatever they wanted to remember. In "The Girl Who Was Plugged in", the remote control was P. Burke, who was controlling everything that Delphi did or said. Both of these stories show how in the beginning, this new advanced technology sounds like a great idea and it would make their life better, but for both Liam and P. Burke they realized that everything is not what it seems. This is seen when Liam's obsessiveness drives him crazy, leading to him taking out his grain.[20] This is also seen when Delphi falls in love, and Paul tries to save her from what he thinks is "mind control" but ends up just killing the P. Burke and her version of Delphi. [21]

@Brebre143: I agree with your post. I think any time technology involves using a part of a person’s mind that there should be boundaries. Like in Liam’s case, I think there should at least be a limit on how many times you can watch a memory in one day. What do you think?--Daisja30 (talk) 23:53, 29 September 2019 (EDT)
@Daisja30: Oh yeah I definitely agree that there should be a limit of how many times you can watch the memory. When you think about it, it's bad enough that we already over think about stuff that we felt went wrong, so I couldn't imagine being able to continuously watch it over and over. Brebre143 (talk) 15:08, 30 September 2019 (EDT)
@Brebre143: Some great observations. There are still some significant referencing issues. No one wants to read big blocks of text on screen. See the beginning lesson 3 again: formatting basics. —Grlucas (talk) 12:09, 30 September 2019 (EDT)

October 4, 2019: Journal Post 11 "Far Beyond the Stars"-Sexism and Racism in Science Fiction

In the community of Science Fiction, race and gender have been a prominent topic. With Science Fiction being prominent of only white males, the idea of having a person of color or a women writing for this genre was taboo "how can a genre that dreams up alien cultures and mythic races in such minute detail seemingly ignore the ethnic, religious, gender and sexual diversity right here on the home planet, here in the real world?" [22] Deep Space Nine's episode Far Beyond the Stars focuses on the Racism and Sexism that take place at a Science Fiction magazine company.


This episode touched on the idea of sexism very lightly in this episode. The one occurrence where it was actually brought up is when Pabst suggest that Kay (who is the only female who works there) and Benny (who is the only Black man who works there) should "sleep in" on the day of the pictures. [23] It was simply unheard of for women to be writing Science Fiction novels in a world that nothing but white men, that many women wrote under an alias to keep there identity away from the public. This is what Kay did in the episode, and what many popular female Science Fiction writers did such as Alice B. Sheldon who went under the alias of James Tiptree Jr.

@Brebre143: Great insight to this issue. I this your comparison to the earlier writings by author James Tiptree Jr who actually is Alice Sheldon and the author Kay who is female but writes under the alias of K.C. Hunter to portray as masculine and male. I think this would have been a great topic if you had more to expand on. --D.Sams96 (talk) 16:39, 6 October 2019 (EDT)
@D.Sams96: Yeah I think that this weeks readings and last weeks readings would be a great topic to expand on! Brebre143 (talk) 21:30, 6 October 2019 (EDT)


The main focus in the episode was on Benny and his struggles of being a Black Science Fiction writer. Some struggles that were shown in the episode was his run in with the police, who didn't believe that he worked for the magazine and threaten to taking him to jail for doing absolutely nothing. Another thing that was noticeable was that Benny was being paid significantly less than his colleagues. Macklin states that he was going to get paid about 30 cent per word for one of his works, but when Benny thought his story was going to be published, he was only being offered 4 cent per word. All of these struggles led to Benny being fired from his job because the head of the magazine felt that his services were no longer needed.

This episode did a great job of giving the audience insight on the struggles that Science Fiction writers who are not White males go through. It is also nice to see that with Star trek being a Science Fiction show, they have a diverse cast that reflects what our world is today, allowing everyone who enjoys watching this show to feel represented.

@Brebre143: I agree. I think that even though the story is science fiction, it does a really great job of expressing the struggles of minority science fiction writers at the time. Not only did Benny have to hide his true identity, but also, the only reason his story wasn’t published is because the main character was black.--Daisja30 (talk) 16:29, 5 October 2019 (EDT)
@Brebre143: I believe anything written to stand your ground on what is right and wrong is worth being written. I believe that at one time SF was meant to be the sacred grounds for white nerds because as other people started getting more inquisitive and having their own thoughts that they wouldn't be inferior anymore. I think they were afraid to think positive about what could be. They were stuck in the norm of society and wanted to put out what was selling, nothing fresh.--TSmith2020 (talk) 15:04, 6 October 2019 (EDT)
@TSmith2020: It's definitely good to see that there are some changes being made within the Science Fiction world, so that everyone has a voice to be heard and to feel represented. Brebre143 (talk) 21:38, 6 October 2019 (EDT)

October 5, 2019 Journal Post 12:Connections between "Bloodchild" & "Far Beyond the Stars"

In Octavia Butler's "Bloodchild"" and Deep Space Nine's "Far Beyond the Stars" they both have the theme of oppression. Oppression can be seen in "Far Beyond the Stars", when Benny is going through all the struggles and criticism of being a Black Science Fiction writer. From the constant doubt from those close to him, to the discrimination from his employers and the police. Benny was never able to get the recognition he deserved just because of the color of his skin. Oppression can be seen in "Bloodchild" through the Terran's who serve as a host for the Tlic, specifically Gan. They are being kept in what is described to be as a "cage", so that the Tlic can grow an attachment to one of the Terran's and use them as a host for their children. Gan realizes that this is the case and makes him wonder if T'Gatoi actually cares for him or is just using him to get what she wants.

Both Benny and Gan have a moment where they speak out against how they feel they are being wronged, but have different outcomes. For Benny, his constant push of trying to be accepted leads to him being fired from his job and having a breakdown. For Gan, he asks T'Gatoi questions regarding the relationship between Tlic and Terran's, and T'Gatoi gives the impression that she cares about his feeling, but she is really only worried about doing the implantation the night of. Gan ends up going through it and taking back the suggestion of using his sister, in order to protect his family. Both Benny and Gan are not able to successfully have their voices heard.

@Brebre143: You make a good point about both stories confronting the theme of oppression; I saw that too. Though, I do think Benny was able to have his voice heard in the end, because at the end of the episode Sisko reflects back on the work he did that brought him to where he was then. Plus, by the episode being made and people having watched it, his story was eventually heard in a way. -MorganAtMGA (talk) 19:29, 6 October 2019 (EDT)

@Brebre143: I think you made an excellent point about oppression with the struggles of Benny and Gan. Their voices may have been suppressed, but they still were heard. Also, I think that they still made a change in getting their points across. MarinChristina (talk) 00:01, 7 October 2019 (EDT)

@Brebre143: Some excellent points. Remember that using the support of secondary sources is required. —Grlucas (talk) 10:39, 7 October 2019 (EDT)
@Brebre143: Your pointing out the different outcomes that happen as a result of speaking up against oppression is very interesting. It makes me think about today's current atmosphere and how people react to those speaking up against social issues. Before, you either went with the flow and accepted what had to be done, or you spoke up and were typically met with some kind of aggression. This seems to still be the case, though we have come further in what needs to still be changed. When fighting oppression, regardless of the universe or point in time, it will be hard to create change, but this does not mean we need to be silent. Tprouty93 (talk) 22:31, 7 October 2019 (EDT)

October 12, 2019 Journal Post 13: "The Cold Equations"

The short story The Cold Equations by Tom Godwin is a story about a stowaway named Marilyn who boards the EDS unaware of the price she has to pay for boarding. When reading this short story I noticed two symbols that help define what this story was about and how it brings the story together. The two symbols that were prominent to the theme of the story is Marilyn's cat and the cold equation.

Marilyn's Replacement Cat

When Marilyn realizes that she will be facing death, she starts to remember memories that weren't always so important to her. She recalls the time that her kitten was ran over, and how her brother comforted her telling her that her kitten just went to get a new coat and would be back at the foot of her bed. Sure enough, her brother got her a replacement cat so she wouldn't know the actual fate of her cat. This replacement cat symbolizes Marilyn's refusal to accept death. When the narrator gives her the news that he will have to kill her, she tries to come up with anything possible so that she can live and visit her brother. Just like she could not accept the death of her kitten, she cannot accept that she has to die.

The Cold Equation

The only factor that was keeping Marilyn from being able to live was this cold equation that is mention numerous times in the story, "She has violated the laws of physics. The equations are there, and they say she must die. Not because the universe thirsts for her vengeance. There is no passion in her death. She must die because the inescapable, chilly math of the situation demands it." [24]. The EDS is only given a certain amount of fuel, just enough to hold the passengers aboard to get to their needed destination. With Marilyn's added weight there was no way that they would be able to deliver the serum to save the rest of the men. It was either her life or the life of many others. This whole story was based around the equation that everything would run smoothly until she was found, "to the laws of nature she was x, the unwanted factor in a cold equation."[25]

@Brebre143: I picked up on these two symbols to. Marilyn seems to me to be materialistic and doesn't want to let go of what fate has in store. I get it no one wants to leave someone or something they love but, everything comes with a cost. As for the cold equation, I feel that is the fate itself because it determined when she had to die.


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